Above: Chicory in Marion Dunn Prairie in Madison, Wisconsin on July 4, 2020.
Chicory -Cichorium intybus
Not native to Wisconsin. Native to Europe, Chicory lives as a wild plant on disturbed sites and roadsides, and is now common in North America where it has become widely naturalize.
Flowers typically have 17 blue to white rays (petals) creating a head that is up to 1 1/2" wide. Each ray has 5 small teeth at the tip. Blooms open in the morning and close later in the day. Chicory blooms July-Oct.
Chicory can be cultivated for its root which, when dried and pulverized, can be added to coffee or even used to brew a sort of "poor man's coffee."
Other names: Blue sailors, succory, coffeeweed, Italian dandelion.
For more information on Chicory, visit Wikipedia.
Or, visit the Online Virtual Flora of Wisconsin website at: Chicory.
Or, visit the University of Wisconsin-Madison Horticulture Division of Extension website page on: Chicory - Cichorium intybus.
Above: Chicory by Three Sisters Garden on Monroe Street in Madison, Wisconsin. (6/27/22).
Above: Chicory on shore of retaining pond in UW Arboretum. (8/24/19).
Above: Chicory in Marion Dunn Prairie (8/3/19).
Above: 1885 Chicory botonical illustration.
Above: 1906 Chicory botonical illustration by Norman Criddle (1875 – 1933).
Above: Chicory (Cichorium intybus) botonical illustration Anselmus Boëtius de Boodt circa 1596–1610.
Above: Chicory (Cichorium intybus) illustration by Alice Lounsberry circa 1899.